Over the years, many questions have been raised regarding possible long-term effects of vasectomy. Claims that vasectomy
causes arthritis, atherosclerosis or heart disease have long been put to rest.
Other studies have suggested that vasectomy may slightly increase the risk of getting prostate cancer. Many other
subsequent studies have not validated this risk. Current policy recommendations of the NIH (National Institute of Health)
1. All contraceptive methods carry some risks. When making decisions about
contraception, each individual or couple must be informed about and weigh the various risks and benefits.
2. Because the results of research to date on
vasectomy and prostate cancer are inconsistent and associations that have been found are weak, there is insufficient
basis for recommending a change in clinical and public health practice at this time.
3. In light of this:
- Providers should continue to offer vasectomy and to perform the procedure.
- Screening for prostate cancer should not be any different for men who have had vasectomy than for those who have not.